I first knew about the geological time scale during my college years, back then the only geological time i knew was “Jurassic” due to a certain Hollywood movie. Learning it was fun but memorizing it for exams was horrible. The lecturers will first show the scale like the one here (very very boring btw), and they will explain one by one what happened with pictures of dinosaurs, plants, ancient humans and etc. It was remarkable, but how did geologists came to this scale always puzzled me, it still does, as we have loopholes in it too. The scale is basically a convention agreed by geologists based on research which were agreeable from time to time.
Here i will briefly explain some key events and how they got there. Most importantly i will put emphasis on how and when life started, the rest is evolution which you can read/view elsewhere. I will be also breaking this topic to a few parts for easy understanding.